The Petroleum Quality Institute of America

Engine Oil Lubricant ASTM Tests

Test

ASTM Test

Description

Acid Number D664 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration
D974 Standard Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
Additive Elements D4628 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
D4927 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
D4951 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
D5185 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
D6443 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
D6481 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Ash  D482 Standard Test Method for Ash from Petroleum Products
Ash Sulfated D874 Standard Test Method for Sulfated Ash from Lubricating Oils and Additives
Base Number D2896 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
D4739 Standard Test Method for Base Number Determination by Potentiometric Hydrochloric Acid Titration
Color D1500 Standard Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)
D6045 Standard Test Method for Color of Petroleum Products by the Automatic Tristimulus Method
Density D1298 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
D4052 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
Evaporating Loss D5800 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
Flash Point D92 Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester
D93 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
HTHS Viscosity D5481 Standard Test Method for Measuring Apparent Viscosity at High-Temperature and High-Shear Rate by Multicell Capillary Viscometer
Nitrogen D3228 Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen in Lubricating Oils and Fuel Oils by Modified Kjeldahl Method
D4629 Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
D5291 Standard Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Petroleum Products and Lubricants
D5762 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence
 Pour Point D6749 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Air Pressure Method)
D97 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products
D5949 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)
D5950 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
D6892 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Robotic Tilt Method)
Saponification Number D94 Standard Test Methods for Saponification Number of Petroleum Products
Shear Stability D6278 Standard Test Method for Shear Stability of Polymer Containing Fluids Using a European Diesel Injector Apparatus
Sulfur Content D129 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (General High Pressure Decomposition Device Method)
D5453 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
Viscosity, Kinematic D445 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D7042 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
D7279 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
Viscosity, Tapered Bearing D4683 Standard Test Method for Measuring Viscosity of New and Used Engine Oils at High Shear Rate and High Temperature by Tapered Bearing Simulator Viscometer at 150 °C
Viscosity, Tapered Plug D4741 Standard Test Method for Measuring Viscosity at High Temperature and High Shear Rate by Tapered-Plug Viscometer
Viscosity, Low Temperature D4684 Standard Test Method for Determination of Yield Stress and Apparent Viscosity of Engine Oils at Low Temperature
D5133 Standard Test Method for Low Temperature, Low Shear Rate, Viscosity/Temperature Dependence of Lubricating Oils Using a Temperature-Scanning Technique
 D5293 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Engine Oils and Base Stocks Between –10 °C and –35 °C Using Cold-Cranking Simulator
Volatility D6417 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Engine Oil Volatility by Capillary Gas Chromatography
Water D6304 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
Water Content D1744 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Liquid Petroleum Products by Karl Fischer Reagent (Withdrawn 2016)
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