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Results in on Four API CK-4 Diesel Engine Oils

The results are in on the first four samples of diesel engine oil PQIA observed in the market labeled with the new API CK-4 performance specification. Each of the samples examined meet the SAE J300 specification for an SAE 15W-40 along with the phosphorus and Noack volatility requirements needed to meet the new API CK-4 specification. The results of other tests conducted on the samples are consistent with the listed API Service Categories.

chevrondelo400sde15w40ck4front mobildelvac1300super15w40ck4front shellrotellat415w40ck4front valvolineblue15w40ck4front
Chevron Delo
400 SDE
Mobil Delvac
1300 Super
Shell Rotella T4
Premium Blue

semick-4For those unfamiliar with CK-4 and FA-4, take note, these heavy duty engine oils (HDEO) were approved for first use by the API on December 1, 2016 and they are now on the street.

With enhanced oxidation and high temperature high shear (HTHS) stability, and superior aeration resistance, CK-4 offers an opportunity to further extend drain intervals and improve engine durability. Building on these advantages, FA-4 HDEO offers improved fuel economy (up to 0.5 to 0.7% higher for the same viscosity grade, 10W-30 FA-4 vs. 10W-30 CK-4) and reduced greenhouse gas (CO2) emissions.

As expected, since the specifications are new, the list of questions and concerns the market has about CK-4 and FA-4 is long. Answers to some of the questions are addressed in an article written by PQIA’s president Thomas Glenn that appeared in the March 2017 issue of Lubes”n”Greases magazine. The chart below is excerpted from the article. CLICK FOR THE ARTICLE.


Links to other articles related to API CK-4 and FA-4 published in Lubes’n’Greases Magazine and Lube Report are shown below:

From Lubes’n’Greases Magazine:

From Lube Report:

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Categorised in: Motor Oil, PQIA Quality Reports

3 Responses

  1. Thank you, PQIA for publishing this information! I’m an Owner-Operator Truck Driver. All 4 brands sampled look very similar. U’m using one of these brands for the first time in my Detroit Diesel motor, and i’m going to send in a used oil sample to the lab after my next PM service. Thanks again!!

  2. It would be nice if you would ALSO indicate if these lubricants meet Ford’s WSS-M2C171-F1 spec. for the Powerstroke diesels

  3. Looks like the zinc levels are about the same level found in automotive oils, what is that going to do for the cam shafts in big diesels?

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